This map is an improved version of one that appeared in my PhD thesis (Millington, 2002, p.270, Map 14), and in my paper on textual analysis (Millington, 2003, p.104, Map 6). It has also been used as a cose study for the Folk Play Scripts Explorer (Millington, 2009).
This line is usually spoken by Beelzebub, and has two main variations - one where he asks the audience what they think of him, and another where he states his opinion of himself. The difference is perhaps subtle, but the discrete nature of their distributions shows that it is significant. The question appears to be the older of the two versions. The approximate nature of the dates in the database means they have to be given a degree of latitude, and the dates alone are probably not enough to support this assertion. However, the question form is more widely distributed and this is usually a sign of greater age. In my original textual analyses, the distribution of this version was used to illustrate the connections between Plough Plays and the the Northern English group of text, as well as tenuous links with the Cotswold group of plays.
As shown in the maps, there are three sub-variants of the question version of the line, varying on the adjectives used. "Handsome" alludes the character's visual appearance, and there are a few other positive qualities - "clever" and "good" for instance - that have not been shown on the map. By contrast the more common "jolly" and "funny" relate to the character's demeanour. It is difficult decide which type came first. On the other hand, the significantly later date and limited distribution of the "funny" variant inicates that this evolved from the "jolly" variant.
The metamorphosis of the question into a statement appears to have taken place in Ireland, appearing in the oldest known text, which happens to be a chapbook. This text was later brought to England, where it was republished in Manchester (Cass et al, 2003) as The Peace Egg Book. The statement version of the line we are discussing was then transferred into a different chapbook, known under a number of titles of which The Peace Egg is the most common. This is the likely route of this line into the oral tradition of northern England.
Eddie Cass, Michael J.Preston & Paul Smith
The Peace Egg Book: An Anglo-Irish Chapbook Connection Discovered
2003, Vol.114, No.1, pp.29-52
Historical Database of Folk Play Scripts
Internet URL: http://www.folkplay.info/Texts.htm, 1999-2006, accessed 27th Jun.2009
The Origins and Development of English Folk Plays
PhD Thesis, University of Sheffield, May 2002
[Full Text PDF - 2.7MB]
"Don't you think I'm a jolly old man?": A Folk Play Scripts Explorer Case Study
Sites of Performance: Mapping/Theatre/History, 2-4 April 2009, University of Nottingham
[Poster PDF - 989kB, Presentation PDF - 874kB]