Clayworth (SK7288), Nottinghamshire
R.J.E.Tiddy (1923) pp.241-245
Miss M. Marshall (Col.)
CLAYWORTH NOTTINGHAMSHIRE: Five and a half miles from Gainsborough: A PLOUGH MONDAY PLAY
Full text (135 lines) of a Plough Monday play from Clayworth, Notts. The
characters are; Clown/Bold Tom/Tommy, Soldier/Recruiting Sergeant,
Farmer's Boy, Ploughboy/Farmer's Man, Lady, Eezum-Squeezum, and Doctor.
R.J.E.Tiddy (1923) pp.246-247
CLAYWORTH, NOTTINGHAMSHIRE: ANOTHER VERSION OF A PLOUGH MONDAY PLAY
Full text (30 lines) of a Plough Monday play from Clayworth, Notts. A second
Clayworth text published in the same volume was collected by
Miss.M.Marshall, and this probably was also. The characters are ; Fool,
King George, Beelzebub and Doctor
M. W. M. (Auth.)
FOLK DRAMA: NORTH NOTTINGHAMSHIRE VERSIONS: TWELFTH-TIDE AND PLOUGH MONDAY CUSTOMS
9th Jan.1926, No.21774, p.6a-b
This article starts with an extensive summary of the survival theories of
English folk drama, as propounded by T.F.Ordish, E.K.Chambers and
R.J.E.Tiddy. She then goes in the describe her collecting activities in North
Notts. Her first informant vaguely mentioned "a funny play" being done at
Christmas in Navenby, Lincs. Another mentioned a play performed about 1906 at
Sutton and Lound, Notts., involving a horse's head.
Finally she collected a Plough Monday play from various people in Clayworth,
Notts. She describes the play as collected from "the Doctor", quoting fragments
of text. The characters were; Old Clown, Soldier, a Farmer's Boy, Lady, Old
Eszum Squeezum [probably misprinted], and the Doctor. The full text was printed
in R.J.E.Tiddy (1923).
The article is concluded in M.W.M. (1926b)
M. W. M. (Auth.)
FOLK DRAMA II: MORE OLD NOTTINGHAMSHIRE SURVIVALS: THEORIES OF REMOTE PAGAN ORIGIN
11th Jan.1926, No.21775, p.6 a-b
Continuing M.W.M. (1926a), she quotes a description of plough trailing and
malicious ploughing at a village near Clayworth, Notts. - probably
Mattersey. The informant was aged 96, and also proffered an explanation of the
origin of the Haxey Hood game. A female informant from an unnamed location
mentioned how the Plough Monday actors used to "kidnap" the girls. Also,
"the lads of South Wheatley used to go all around the neighbourhood dancing in
cowhides, horns and all - scaring folks to death by peeping through the windows
at night." Finally there is a brief foray into animal magic, broadsides, and
records in the "Towne Book of Claworth".
[The clippings in Notts. County Library's Folklore box include two
illustrations. These may have come from P.Herring (1926), and need checking
against the original newspapers.]
Worksop Guardian (1926)
Plough Monday: QUAINT CUSTOMS IN NORTH NOTTS. [near Clayworth]
15th Jan. 1926
Extensive quotations from M.W.M. (1926a & b) about Stots on Plough Monday in
Notts., including a play performed at Sutton-cum-Lound about 1906. There is a
description of plough trailing and malicious ploughing in a village near
Clayworth, Notts. - probably Mattersey. Hood Throwing at Haxey is also
Frances Collingwood (Auth.)
Folk Lore of Nottinghamshire
1933, Vol.1, No.3, pp.187-188
Despite its general title, half of this article is devoted to Plough Monday
plays. Brief descriptions are given of versions from Clayworth, Notts., and
Blidworth, Notts., and there is an unlocated photograph of a team of actors. No
text is quoted however. The Clayworth play had the characters; Soldier, Old
Eezum Squeezum, Clown and Doctor, although sometimes King George or Saint George
appeared instead of Soldier, and Beelzebub replaced Eezum Squeezum. The
Blidworth "Plough-Bullocking" play had; King George, Doctor and a Pressgang, and
is described as being extant. It was collected by Rev. Edward Dunnicliff of
Ollerton. Cecil Sharp's theories on the dualistic nature of the play, and their
supposed pagan origins are reiterated. The rest of the article discusses the
Eakring Ball Game played on Easter Tuesdays, and Maypoles at Wellow, Edwinstowe,
Linby, Farnsfield, Stapleford and Nottingham.
F. W. Beazley (Auth.)
PLOUGH MONDAY AND "THE PLOUGH BULLOCKS"
Bulletin of the Nottinghamshire Schools Rural Science Panel,
Dec.1946, No.19, pp.2-6
The full text (54 lines) of a Plough Bullock Night play from Mansfield,
Notts., collected from the author's father Mr.S.Beazley. The characters are;
St. George, Bold Slasher, Doctor, Beelzebub, Molly Mop, Mickey Bent, Polly
Flinders and a Rake.
Mentions that at Clayworth, Notts., Beelzebub went by the name of Old Eezum
Squeezum. Covers plough trailing, malicious ploughing and Plough lights with
the usual quotes, probably derived from Chaworth-Musters (1890) which the author
cites. The Cropwell cast is given as; Tom the Fool, Recruiting Sergeant,
Ribboner or Recruit, Doctor, Lady, Ploughman, Hopper Joe and Threshing Blade.
The final song is given.
S. R. (Auth.)
PLOUGH MONDAY AND THE MUMMERS' PLAY: NOTTINGHAMSHIRE SURVIVALS
18th Jan.1947, No.5305, p.3 c-e
A review of the origins of Mummers' Plays and Plough Monday Plays. Race
regards as fanciful the idea that the Mummers' Plays were a survival from pagan
times, on grounds of lack of evidence. Although it may have originated in the
18th century, it really became popular in the early 19th century, under the
influence of such books such as "Hone's Year Book for 1826". Chapbooks were an
important factor later in the century. He cites a chapbook published in Belper
in 1846, and chapbooks published by Heywoods of Manchester in the 1860s to
1880s. The Plough Monday play evolved from the Mummers' Play in the mid 19th
century. He cites E.K.Chambers' (1933) feeling that the Plough Monday plays
were confined to Lincs., and adjacent districts.
Texts from Clayworth (R.J.E.Tiddy, 1923) and Cropwell (Chaworth Musters, 1890)
are compared. The characters for the Clayworth play are given as; Bold Tom,
Recruiting Sergeant, Farmer's Man, Lady Bright and Gay, old Eazum Squeezum and
the Doctor. The Cropwell characters are given as; Tom the Fool, Recruiting
Sergeant, Ribboner, Doctor, Lady, Beelzebub, Dame Jane and the Farmer's
Men. The text from Chaworth Musters (1890) is also compared with another text
from Cropwell Bishop collected later by Race (S.Race Collection, 1924,
E.R.Granger). In the latter play, the Lady had been lost, and Beelzebub had
been replaced by Easem Squeasem. Other plays mentioned include a team from
Harby, Leics., which used to visit Cropwell Bishop regularly, and a Retford
troupe in the 19th century, one of whose members wore an animal's head.
Race concludes by posing the question, "Why should the observance of Plough
Monday be so general in the countryside, and its play confined to an area
M. W. Barley (Auth.); E. F. H. D. (Col.)
Plough Plays in Nottinghamshire
Oct.1951, Vol.13, No.2, pp.1-2
This is a request for information on Plough monday plays. Brief descriptions
are given of the sort of information wanted, together with outlines of the
possible historical implications of Plough Monday and of the questions it is
hoped to answer. The names Plough Boys, or Jacks, or Jags, or Stots, or
Bullocks are mentioned. He particularly asks for information on plough
trailing, sword dances, and customs from western Notts., similar to those found
in Derbys. & Yorks., such as Christmas Mummers, sword dances and Morris dances.
In a brief mention of Hobby Horses, he notes the Christmas play of the "Poor Owd
'Oss" from Mansfield in the A.S.Buxton Collection, and other occurrences at
Cuckney and Elkesley. He already had information on Plough Monday plays from
the Notts. villages of; Blidworth, Mansfield, East Bridgford, Bothamsall,
Cropwell, Clayworth, Flintham, Selston, Walesby, Whatton, Worksop, Norwell,
Averham, Tollerton, and North Leverton.
Appended is the final song of a play from Blidworth, Notts., collected in 1925
by E.F.H.D. This was in fact first published in 1948 (E.F.H.D., 1948).
Retford, Gainsborough & Worksop Times (1985)
Plough play at Clayworth
Retford, Gainsborough & Worksop Times,
11th Jan. 1985, No.6884, p.17 d-f
Photo captioned:- "Clayworth village came alive to the sound of Morris Men,
Clog Dancers and Plough Jags who performed a plough play for the third year
Revial by the Broadstone Morris Men of Retford, Notts.
* indicates data that not yet been validated against the original source and/or has yet to be completely indexed.